Hi everyone! I hope you are doing great. The students who are from the medical field and they have completed their 12th class now have to prepare for the medical test so they can get admission in any of the government-recognized institutes. National MDCAT 2023 is announced. The students who have to get admission to the university have to check the article and they will get the complete information about the National MDCAT 2023. The students who have to apply for the national MDCAT 2023 need to check the eligibility criteria, the last date to apply, and the syllabus.
National MDCAT 2023 is announced for the national students. MDCAT is a national medical test. Most of the students who are enrolled in the medical field every year apply for admission but only 5% of students are eligible to get admission. The students are worried about where they have to prepare for the test. Most institutes announce the sessions for the students to prepare for the test and students have to join these acamdey where they will get the complete guideline and they will get the practice paper that students have to follow when they have to apply for the test.
The medical field is among the most favorite fields among students and is highly expensive if you have to apply for admission to a private college. So most of the students try their best they get admission in any of the government medical colleges and have to pay minimal fees as compared to private medical colleges.
National MDCAT 2023
- Country: Pakistan
- Institution(s): All medical college
- Degree Level: Undergraduate
- Eligibility: Intermediate in any degree program
- King Edward Medical College, Lahore
- Nishtar Medical College, Multan
- Fatima Jinnah Medical College for Women, Lahore
- Army Medical College, Rawalpindi
- Allama Iqbal Medical College, Lahore
- Punjab Medical College, Faisalabad
- Quaid-e-Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur
- Rawalpindi Medical College
- Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore
- Sargodha Medical College
Syllabus for National MDCAT 2023:
The four subjects students have to prepare when they have to prepare for the test.
Each subject will have a specific percentage and students have to prepare for the exam as per the number of MCQs for each subject.
Syllabus of PMC MDCAT Biology
- The Cel
- Biological Molecule
- Chromosomes and DNA
- Cell Division
- Variety of Life
- Gas Exchange
- Transport in Plants
- Transport in Human
- Muscles and Movement
1. The Cell
- Light and Electron Microscope (Magnification and Resolution)
- Structure of Typical Animal and Plant Cell
- Fluid Mosaic Model of Cell Membrane
- Transport of Material across the Cell Membrane: Active transport, Passive transport, Endocytosis, and Exocytosis
- Eukaryotic Cell Structures: Endoplasmic reticulum (RER & SER), Ribosomes, Golgi apparatus, Lysosomes,
- Vacuoles, Centrioles & Microtubules, Mitochondria, Chloroplast and Nucleus (nuclear membrane, nucleolus, and chromosomes)
- Prokaryotic Cell & Eukaryotic cell
2. Biological Molecules
- Carbohydrates: Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides (Starch, Glycogen & Cellulose)
- Lipids: Triglycerides, Phospholipids, and their functions.
- Proteins: Amino Acids & Peptide bond formation, Structures of Proteins (primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structures), and Globular & Fibrous Proteins
- Nucleic acids: DNA, RNA, and Types of RNA
- Water: Heat of vaporization, Specific Heat Capacity, and Solvent Action
- Enzyme: Definition, Characteristics of, Mechanism of Enzyme Action Enzymes (Lock & key model and Induced fit model), Factors affecting the rate of Enzyme Action, Inhibitors
3. Chromosomes and DNA
- Chromosome: Nucleosome, DNA, Histone Proteins, Chromatids, Centromere and Telomeres
- Gene as a Basic Unit of Genetic Information
- DNA Replication: Hypothesis of DNA Replication, Meselson & Stahl’s experiment and Replication
- Genetic Code
- Cell Cycle: Interphase (G1, S, and G2 phases), Mitotic phase, and Cytokinesis
- Mtosis: Process of Mitosis, Significance of Mitosis
- Meiosis: Process of Meiosis and Significance of Meiosis
5. Variety of Life
- Kingdoms: Protoctista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia
- Viruses: Structure of Viruses
- AIDS: Causative Agent, Modes of Transmission and Prevention & Control
- Photosynthetic Pigments (Chlorophylls and Carotenoids)
- Absorption and Action Spectra
- Light-Dependent Reactions (cyclic and non-cyclic phosphorylation) and Light-Independent Reactions (Calvin cycle).
- Cellular Respiration: Glycolysis, Link reaction / Pyruvic Oxidation, Kreb’s Cycle (with reference to the production of NADH, FADH, and ATP) and ETC
- Anaerobic Respiration and its Types (Alcoholic and Lactic Acid Fermentation).
7. Gas Exchange
- Anatomy of the Human Respiratory System.
- Transport of Respiratory Gases: O2 & CO2 and Role of Haemoglobin as Respiratory Pigment.
- Respiratory Disorders: Tuberculosis, Emphysema, and Lung Cancer
8. Transport in Plants
- Transport of Water and Minerals: Apoplast & Symplast Pathway and Cohesion, Transpiration Pull / Tension & Adhesion
- Transpiration, Factors affecting it, and opening and closing of Stomata.
- Translocation according to Pressure Flow Theory
9. Transport in Human
- Heart: Structure of heart, Cardiac Cycle, Control of Heart Beat, ECG, and Blood Pressure
- Blood Vessels: Arteries, Veins, and Capillaries
- Blood: Plasma and Blood Cells (RBCs, WBCs, and platelets).
- Lymphatic System
- Immune System and its Components
- Types of Immunity
- Thermoregulation in Mammals
- Human Urinary System
12 Muscles and Movement
- Structure and Function of Skeletal Muscle
- Mechanism of Skeletal Muscle Contraction
- Sarcomere, Ultrastructure of Myofilaments, Sliding Filament, Control of Actin-Myosin Interaction
- Use of Energy for Muscle Contraction
13 Communication & Control
- Nervous Coordination in Mammals
- Neurons: Sensory, Intermediate/relay, and motor neurons
- Reflex arc / Reflex action
- Nerve impulse
- Hormones: Definition & Types of Hormones, Hormones of Islets of Langerhans (Insulin & Glucagon) and Role of ADH in
- Plants Hormones: Auxins, Gibberellins, and Abscisic Acid
- Gametogenesis: Spermatogenesis and Oogenesis
- Hormonal control of the Human Menstrual Cycle (FSH, LH, estrogen, and progesterone)
- Basics of Genetics: Gene, Locus, Allele, Gene Pool, Phenotype, Genotype, Homozygous, Heterozygous, Dominant Allele, Recessive Allele, Complete Dominance, Codominance, Linkage, F1 & F2 Generations, Mutation, and Multiple
- Gene Linkage: Crossing over and Recombination Frequency / Cross Over Value
- Continuous and Discontinuous Variations
- Punnet square, Test cross, and Monohybrid & Dihybrid Crosses
- Gene Linkage and Sex Linkage in Humans (Haemophilia and Colour Blindness)
- Recombinant DNA Technology / Genetic Engineering: Principles of Recombinant DNA Technology and its Application, PCR & Gel Electrophoresis and DNA Analysis / Finger Printing
- Gene Therapy
- Transgenic Organisms (Bacteria, Plants, and Animals)
- Theory of natural selection
- Hardy-Weinberg theorem and factors affecting gene/allele frequency
- Fundamental Concepts
- States of Matter
- Atomic Structure
- Chemical Bonding
- Chemical Energetics
- Chemical Equilibrium
- Reaction Kinetics
- Transition Elements
- Compounds of Nitrogen and Sulphur
- Fundamental Principles
- Alkyl Halides (Haloalkanes)
- Alcohols and Phenols
- Aldehydes and Ketones
- Carboxylic Acids
- Amino Acids
- Environmental Chemistry
- Relative masses
- Avogadro’s number
- Empirical and Molecular Formulae
- Stoichiometric Calculations
- Concentration units of solutions
i. Percentage composition
iii. Mole fraction
STATES OF MATTER
- Gaseous state
- General Gas Equation (PV=n RT).
- Liquid state:
ii. Vapor pressure
iv. Structure of ice
- The lattice structure of a crystalline solid
- Proton, Neutron, and Electron
- Distribution of Mass and charges
- Deduce the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons from the given proton number and nucleon number
- The shape of s, p, and d- Orbitals
- Electronic configuration
- Ionization energy
- Electron affinity
4. CHEMICAL BONDING
- Ionic (Electrovalent) bond
- Use the “dot and cross” model for:
i. Covalent bonding
ii. Co-ordinate (dative covalent) bonding
- Shapes and Bond Angles of molecules
- Covalent Bonding.
- Bond Energy, Bond length, and bond Polarity (Electronegativity difference)
- Intermolecular Forces (especially Hydrogen Bonding)
- Interpret and Predict the effect of different types of bonding on the physical properties of substances.
5. CHEMICAL ENERGETICS
- Concept of Energy changes during Chemical reactions
- Use the terms:
i. Enthalpy change of reaction
ii. Bond energy
- Numerical Magnitude of Lattice Energy
- Hess’s law to construct simple energy cycles.
- Redox processes
- Oxidation numbers of Elements.
- Balancing chemical equations by redox method
- Standard electrode (redox) Potential
- Standard Hydrogen Electrode
- Methods used to measure the standard Electrode potentials of metals
- Standard Cell Potential
- Electrode Potential.
- Construct Redox equations
- Advantages of Developing the H2/O2 fuel cell
7. CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM
- Rates of forwarding and reverse Reactions and Dynamic Equilibrium
- Le- Chatelier’s Principle.
- Deduce an expression for Equilibrium constant
- Calculate the values of Equilibrium constants
- Calculate the equilibrium quantities
- Conditions used in the Haber process.
- Qualitatively the differences in the behavior of strong/weak acids and bases
- Terms: pH, Ka, pKa, Ka, pKb, Kw, and Ksp.
- [H+ (aq)], [OH- (aq)], pH, and pOH values for strong and weak acids and bases.
8. REACTION KINETICS/ CHEMICAL KINETICS
- Rate of Reaction, Activation Energy, Catalysis, Rate Equation, Order of Reaction, Rate Constant
- Enzymes as Biological Catalysts
- Construct and use rate equations with special emphasis on
i. Zero-order reaction
ii. 1st order reaction
iii. 2nd order reaction
- The half-life of a first-order Reaction
- Variation in the Physical properties of Elements Belonging to Period 2 and Period 3:
a. Atomic Radius
b. Ionic Radius
c. Melting Point
d. Boiling Point
e. Ionization Energy
g. Electron Affinity
h. Electrical Conductivity
i. Oxidation States
j. Hydration Energy
• Periodic Relationship in Binary compounds:
a. Halides (especially chlorides)
- The variation in the properties of Group II and VII Elements:
a. Reactions of group II elements.
b. Thermal decomposition and solubility of compounds of group II elements
c. Properties of Halogens and their compounds
d. The reaction of Chlorine
e. Comparison of Oxidizing power of halogens
4. COMPOUNDS OF NITROGEN AND SULPHUR COURSE CONTENT
- Nitrogenous fertilizers.
- Presence of Sulphur Dioxide in the atmosphere
- Manufacturing of Sulphuric Acid.
- Sulphuric acid is a Dehydrating agent and Oxidizing agent.
1. FUNDAMENTAL L PRINCIPLES: COURSE CONTENT
- The Organic compounds.
- Alkanes and Alkenes of lower masses.
- Nucleophiles, electrophiles, and free radicals
- Functional group and Nomenclature of organic compounds.
Chemistry of Alkanes with emphasis on:
- The Mechanism of free radical Substitution Reaction.
- Chemistry of Alkenes with emphasis on:
- Preparation of Alkenes:
- Reaction of Alkenes
- Chemistry of Benzene
- Electrophilic substitution reactions and the mechanism
- Hydrogenation of Benzene ring.
- Sidechain Oxidation of Methyl Benzene (Toluene) and Ethyl Benzene.
- Benzene ring by 2,4 Directing and 3,5 directing groups
1. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES
- The Organic compounds.
- Alkanes and Alkenes of lower masses.
- Nucleophiles, electrophiles, and free radicals
- Functional group and Nomenclature of organic compounds.
3. ALKYL HALIDES (HALOGENOALKANES) COURSE CONTENT
- Importance of halogenoalkanes.
- The reaction of Alkyl Halides:
- Nucleophilic substitution reactions and mechanisms
4. ALCOHOLS AND PHENOLS: COURSE CONTENT
Alcohols with reference to:
- Alcohols: Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary.
- Preparation of Ethanol
- Reactions of Alcohols
- Reactions of Phenol
- The acidity of Water, ethanol, and phenol
5. ALDEHYDES AND KETONES
- Structure of Aldehydes and Ketones
- Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones.
- Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones:
- A nucleophilic addition reaction mechanism
6. CARBOXYLIC ACID
- Physical properties of carboxylic acids.
- Reactions of carboxylic acids
- Relative Acidic Strength.
7. AMINO ACIDS
- General Structure of -Amino Acids Found in Proteins.
- Amino Acids on the basis of the Nature of the R-group.
- Zwitter Ion
- Acid-base properties of Amino Acids.
- Peptide bond formation.
- Addition polymerization.
- Condensation polymerization.
- Structure of Proteins.
- Structure and function of Nucleic acid (DNA).
9. ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY
- Air Pollutants.\
- Chemistry and Causes of Acid Rain.
- Ozone and Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).
All of these were the topics of Organic and Non-Organic chemistry which will be part of the PMC MDCAT syllabus. Let’s dive into the Physics national MDCAT syllabus:
- Motion and Force
- Work, Energy, and Power
- Circular Motion
- Heat & Thermodynamics
- Current Electricity
- Electromagnetic Induction
- Deformation of Solids
- Modern Physics
- Nuclear Physics
- Physical quantities, numerical magnitude, and a proper unit.
- International System of Units, SI base units of physical quantities, and their derived units.
- Prefixes and symbols to indicate decimals, submultiples, or multiples of both base and derived units:
- Errors and uncertainties
- Systematic error and random error.
- Fractional uncertainty and percentage uncertainty.
- Assessment of total uncertainty in the final results (Understanding of total assessment about addition and subtraction, multiplication and division & power factor).
2. MOTION AND FORCE
- Displacement, Distance, Speed, Velocity, and Acceleration.
- Velocity–Time Graph.
- Equations of motion.
- Newton’s Laws of Motion.
- Momentum and law of conservation of momentum.
- Force and rate of change of momentum.
- Impulse and I = F t = mvf mvi
- Elastic and inelastic collisions
- Projectile Motion and its Applications.
- Moment of force or torque and use of torque
3. WORK, ENERGY, AND POWER
- Work in terms of the product of a force and displacement in the direction of the force.
- Kinetic energy K.E = 12 mv2
- Potential energy P.E = mgh
- Inter-conversion of kinetic energy and potential energy in a gravitational field.
- Power in terms of work done per unit of time and use of power as a product of force and
- W velocity P = t and P = Fv
4. CIRCULAR MOTION
- Angular motion, angular displacement & angular velocity
- Centripetal Force and centripetal acceleration oF = mr2, F
- Geostationary orbits.
- Simple harmonic motion
- Amplitude, Frequency, Angular Frequency, Phase Difference. Express the time period in terms of both frequency and angular frequency.
- Equations x=xo sinωt, v = v0cosωt
- The motion of a simple pendulum and relation.
- Kinetic energy and potential energy during Simple harmonic motion.
- Free, Forced, and Damped Oscillations
- Progressive waves
- Transverse and longitudinal waves.
- Principle of superposition.
- Stationary waves and wavelength of sound waves in air columns and stretched strings
- Doppler’s Effect
- Electromagnetic Spectrum.
- Interference of light waves, constructive and destructive interference.
- Young’s Double Slit experiment, fringe spacing, dark and bright fringes.
- Diffraction (basic principle)
- Diffraction grating
8. HEAT & THERMODYNAMICS
- Basic postulates of the kinetic theory of gases
- The pressure exerted by gas and derive the relation PV Nm
- Equation of state for an ideal gas as PV = nRT
- PV= Nm
- v2 and PV = NkT and prove that K.E T is for a single molecule.
- Internal Energy.
- Specific Heat capacity.
- Coulomb’s Law
- Electric field strength.
- E V to calculate the field strength.
- Electric field lines
- Gravitational force and electric force.
- Electric potential
- The capacitance of a capacitor
- Energy stored in the capacitor
10. CURRENT ELECTRICITY
- Ohm’s Law
- Series and parallel Combination of resistors
- Resistance and resistivity
- Potential difference and e.m.f
- Power dissipation in resistors.
- Kirchhoff’s First Law as conservation of charge.
- Kirchhoff’s Second Law as conservation of energy.
- Magnetic field
- Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field
- Force on a moving charge in a magnetic field
- The motion of charged particles in uniform electric and magnetic fields.
- e/m for an electron.
12. ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION
- Magnetic flux
- Faraday’s Law and Lenz’s Law.
- Induced e.m.f and factors
- Alternating current and use V = Vo sint.
- Transformer and uses of N S VS IP and practical transformer.
- NP VP IS
- Period, frequency, peak value, and root mean square value of an alternating current or voltage.
13. DEFORMATION OF SOLIDS
- Stress, strain, and Young’s Modulus.
- Tensile stress and strain.
- Hook’s Law.
- Elastic and plastic deformation of a material.
- Strain energy.
- Band Theory, valence band, conduction band, and forbidden band.
- Half and Full-wave rectification
- Single diode for half-wave rectification of an alternating current
- Four diodes for full-wave rectification of an alternating current
- Operational amplifier and its characteristics
15. MODERN PHYSICS
- The energy of photon E = hf
- Photoelectric Effect, Threshold Frequency, and Work Function Energy.
- Maximum photoelectric energy is independent of intensity whereas the photoelectric current is proportional to the intensity
- Einstein’s Photoelectric equation hf = + 12 mv2max
- de Broglie wavelength and use hp.
- Discrete energy levels of the hydrogen atoms and spectral lines.
- Relation hf = (E2E1)
- Production of X-rays and features of X-rays tube.
16. NUCLEAR PHYSICS
- Nucleus, nucleon number, and charge number.
- Radioactivity and emission of radiation.
- Activity, Decay constant, and relation Activity = N
- The half-life of radioactive substance and relation 0.693t 1/ 2
- Nuclear transmutation and conservation of mass, energy, momentum, and charge during nuclear changes.
- Mass-defect, binding energy, and relation E = mc2
- Nuclear fission and fusion.
- Hadrons, Leptons, and Quarks.
- To design the test specifications
- To design, select, and arrange test task items
Objective Benchmark Contents
Use one or more of the following strategies to determine the meaning of key vocabulary:
1.1 contextual clues and Illustrations
1.2 background or prior knowledge
1.3 morphology, syntax, phonics, knowledge of word relationships
1.4 knowledge of synonyms,
High and low frequency
- Comprehend key vocabulary words from the course
book or to be selected from similar contexts or the
contexts the HSSC and CIE
students may be familiar
- Demonstrate control of tenses and sentence structure
2.1 Use correct tenses and sentence structure in writing
2.2 Identify mistakes in the use of tenses and sentence structure in written texts • All the present tenses
- All the past tenses
- Four types of sentences
- Types of clauses
- 5.1 Use capitalization and punctuation such as semicolons, commas in a series,
apostrophes in possessives, proper nouns, and abbreviations
- 5.2.1. Run-on sentences
- 5.2.2. Comma splices
- 5.2.3. Fragments
- 5.2.4 Faulty coordination
Check The official website for more updates:
So this is all about National MDCAT 2023. If you want to apply you can visit the official website and apply now for National MDCAT 2023.