When we are looking for a job, a CV is the most important thing, so many people ask, “How do I write a CV?” or “How do I make a CV?”. The difference between a CV and a resume
In order to write a CV, you only need to know what to mention, why it is important, and what is a good CV template or format.
All your questions will be answered here, with complete guidance and solutions. No matter if you are a student or a professional, you should have a good and impressive CV (Curriculum Vitae).
What is the CV? How to write a CV
When applying for a job, a CV, or curriculum vitae, is required. In order to sell your abilities to potential employers, you should summarize your education, professional history, skills, and achievements.
Employers may also require a cover letter and an application form in addition to your CV.
People in the USA and Canada called it a resume. It is recommended that these documents are more concise and do not follow any particular formatting guidelines.
Difference between CV and Resume
There is no limit to the length of a CV, as it is a long application document.
Academic background, research experience, awards, honors, teaching, publications, and other specific accomplishments are covered in detail.
Curriculum vitae come in two types
- Chronological format
- Functional format
The resume should not exceed one page in length.
In a resume, you describe your skills, qualifications, abilities, work history, and education.
There are three types of resume formats:
- chronological resume format
- functional resume format
- combination resume formats
How long should a CV be?
A standard CV should not exceed two sides of A4 paper. You only need to include the main points of your education and experience in order to save space. Don’t repeat what you have already mentioned in the cover letter. Stick to relevant information.
You may only need one page for your CV if you are a recent graduate. It depends on your experience and expertise whether your CV is longer or shorter.
How to write a CV ?
What should be included in a CV?
Name, professional title, and contact information:
Your full name, home address, mobile number, and email address should be the first part of your CV.
Name, Professional title, and Contact details
Once upon a time, it was necessary to include your full address on your CV. At the moment, you only need to list your city and county.
When applying for acting or modeling jobs, you do not need to include your date of birth or a photograph.
CVs must include a personal profile, also called a professional profile, career objective, or personal statement.
CV profiles are concise statements that highlight your key attributes, they should be short and succinct, and they should not exceed 100 words.
At the beginning of your CV, you should highlight a few relevant skills and achievements and express your career goals. It is important to tailor your CV profile according to the sector you are applying for and to the cover letter you are sending.
Here is the following question you must mention in your personal profile
- Who are you?
- What are your career goals?
- What can you offer the company?
Education and Qualifications
Your institutions, qualifications, and grades should be listed with dates. You may write your degree or qualification if you have recently left education.
If you have a degree, you can include the most relevant modules, assignments, or projects.
Education and Qualifications pattern
Experience and Employment history :
Your employment history section allows you to describe your previous jobs, internships, and work experience in reverse chronological order.
When you have more than one work experience, this section should come before education.
Include your job title, the employer, the dates you worked, and a brief summary of your responsibilities for each position.
Experience and Employment history pattern
Skills and achievements:
In this section, you should mention the foreign languages you speak and the IT packages you are competent with.
You should list key skills that are relevant to the job. You should do a skills-based CV if you have many job-specific skills.
Hobbies and interests:
A section on hobbies and interests can boost your CV if you feel it is lacking.
A more complete picture of you can be provided by your relevant interests. If you want to become a journalist, you can start your own blog.
In the same way that you can add an address to your CV, you can also add a reference. Referee names are not required if you don’t want them.
In addition, you do not need to mention that references are available upon request, as most employers do.
Formatting and Spacing Guidelines:
Avoid fonts such as Comic Sans. Arial or Times New Roman are both professional fonts. Make sure potential employers can read your CV by using a font size between 10 and 12. Make sure all fonts and font sizes are consistent.
A good way to break up your CV is to use section headings. Make them larger (font size 14 or 16) and bold to make them stand out.
Length: The standard CV size is two pages in the UK, almost the same as in the USA, but some experts and professionals may prefer one or three pages.
For your CV to look impressive, it must be proofread and formatted consistently. Proofreading is to capture the grammatical error and spelling mistakes you can use Grammarly for it.
You should tailor your CV according to the requirements of each job you apply for. One strong, targeted application is better than ten weak ones.
You can send your CV via e-mail or job board. You should save your CV as a pdf file. Also, a pdf will maintain the formatting, so employers will be able to see your CV exactly as you intended.
What not to include
In your CV, there are many things you shouldn’t include, including
Many countries, such as India and Pakistan, include a photo of themselves as a headshot. However, it is not common in the UK.
Your CV should only mention your employment and qualification dates. It won’t affect your ability to do the job, but you shouldn’t mention your age on your CV.
Your marital status and dependents do not affect your ability to perform your job. So don’t include them on your CV.
Home address: Do not include your home address when posting your CV online, as fraudsters may target you.
Curriculum vitae: Do not place it at the top of the page.
Here are the important guidelines for your CV, which you should follow
- All text to be left-aligned
- All dates to be aligned
- Relevant coursework to be 2 lines max
- Address, phone, email to be in one line
- Work experience should come after education
- Write 2-3 bullet points for each internship
- No photo
- Month names are written in full or just first three letters e.g Jun
- Add LinkedIn profile link below the address
- Do not add details like nic, father, mother, etc
- Do not include summary or objective
- If you have a masters then do not include A/O Level
- Do not include o-level
- Always send your CV or Resume in PDF
- Use action verbs to start a bullet point like analyzed, evaluated, managed, etc
- All bullets to start with an action verb
- Each bullet points to be 1 line. Only in extraordinary cases should it be 2 lines